Types of colleges and technical schools
The popularity of training in secondary professional institutions in Russia does not decrease, but on the contrary increases every year. And along with it the number of both state and commercial SUZs is growing. There are new programs and directions for training new modern professions.
The main reason why schoolchildren go to secondary schools after grade 9 is a simplified procedure for entering university after. For many, this is the only opportunity to get a profession, because studying in a higher education institution costs a lot of money and requires more time and effort to study than an average vocational institution.
Although every year there are many new KNUs in different directions, construction technical schools, pedagogical, medical, legal and economic colleges, as well as schools for creative specialties still remain the main ones.
Construction technical schools in Moscow are more than 20. But the programs are mostly repeated. Here they teach not only builders and crane operators, but also architects, and also give basic knowledge of building engineering. Many building technical schools in Moscow also have programs for landscape design and room design, and you can also get a legal profession with a bias on land and property relations.
It is impossible to get a teaching profession in a pedagogical college; for this, after graduation, you will have to enroll in an institution of higher education and receive a bachelor’s degree in one of the teaching specialties. For future university teachers, the path is even more difficult, they need to get a master's degree, and then a graduate degree to begin teaching. In the pedagogical college, you can get a specialty related to archival or library activities, as well as social work. These specialties in Moscow are very much in demand, not only in schools, but also in preschool institutions.
Medical College gives the right to receive a diploma of secondary medical education. After graduating from college, a graduate can go to work as a nurse or nurse in an outpatient clinic or a paramedic in an ambulance. The same students who received a pharmacy specialty can get a job at a pharmacy. In order to get a specialty, namely a doctor, a graduate after receiving a diploma of secondary medical education, one must enter a medical school and undergo an internship in a medical institution.
Legal and economic colleges prepare specialists in the field of accounting and office work. But if for the accountant there will be enough secondary vocational education and advanced training courses. Lawyer to build a career requires a diploma from the university. Since the secondary school provides only basic knowledge of law and social security, and a professional lawyer needs knowledge in all areas of justice.
Most of the creative schools in Moscow are attached to higher education institutions. Receiving secondary vocational education in them gives graduates the opportunity to further in a simplified procedure to enroll in a creative university. The competition for admission to the creative profession is very high and in many schools up to 10 people per place. Therefore, with such a competition, only the best of the best get into creative schools of secondary vocational education. Applicants in addition to the results of the exam need to pass two more entrance tests and pass the audition.